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The Effect of Motorcycle Helmet Use on the Probability
of Fatality and the Severity of Head And Neck Injuries


(Note: Underlines are not links)

Adams, J. G. V. 1983. "Public Safety Legislation and the Risk Compensation Hypothesis: The Example of Motorcycle Helmet Legislation," Environment and Planning C, 1:2.

American Association for Automotive Medicine. 1976. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Morton Grove, Illinois.

Baker, S. P. and Fisher, R. S. 1977. "Alcohol and Motorcycle Fatalities,"American Journal of Public Health, 67:3,March.

Beier, G., Eisenmenger, W., and Spann, W. 1983. "Forensic Medicine Considerations of Head and Spine Injuries," in Impact Injury of Head and Spine, eds., C. L. Ewing, D. J.
Thomas, A. Sances, Jr. and S. J. Larson, Springfield:
Charles C. Thomas.

Bowman, B. M. and Schneider, L. W. 1980. Simulation Analysis of Head/Neck Impact Response for Helmeted and Unhelmeted Motorcyclists, Highway Safety Research Institute, Ann Arbor.

Champion, H. R., Baker, S. P., Benner, C., Fisher, R., Caplan, Y. H., Long, W. B., Cowley, R. A., and Gill, W. 1975. "Alcohol Intoxication and Serum Osmolality," The Lancet, June 28.

Chang, C. 1981. "A Cross-Classification Analysis of the Effectiveness of Safety Helmets in Motorcycle Accident Injuries," Institute of Transportation Engineers Journal, September.

Dare, C. E., Owens, J. C., and Krane, S. 1979. "Effect of Motorcycle Safety Helmet Use on Injury Location and Severity: Before-and-After Helmet Law Repeal in Colorado," Institute of Transportation Engineers Journal, October.

Hart, D. N. J., Cotter, P. W., and MacBeth, W. A. A. G. 1975. "Christchurch Traffic Trauma Survey: Part 2, Victims and Statistics," The New Zealand Medical Journal, 81:542, June.

Hartunian, N. S., Smart, C. N., Willemain, T. R., and Zador. P. L.1983. "The Economics of Safety Deregulation: Lives and Dollars Lost Due to Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Laws," Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 8:1, Spring.

Heilman, D. R., Weisbuch, J. B., Blair, R. W., and Graf, L. L. 1982."Motorcycle-Related Trauma and Helmet Usage in North Dakota," Annuals of Emergency Medicine, 11:12, December.

Hurt, Jr., H. H., Ouellet, J. V., and Thom, D. R. 1981a. Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures, Volume I: Technical Report, Contract No. DOT HS-5-01160, January.

Hurt, Jr., H. H., Ouelett, J. V., and Wager, I. J. 1981b. "Effectiveness of Motorcycle Safety Helmets and Protective Clothing," Proceedings of the American Association for Automotive Medicine, October.

Kraus, J. F., Riggins, R. S., and Franti, C. E. 1975. "Some Epidemiologic Features of Motorcycle Collision Injuries," American Journal of Epidemiology, 102:1.

Luna, G. K., Copass, M. K., Oreskovich, M. R., and Carrico, C. J. 1981. "The Role of Helmets in Reducing Head Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents: A Political or Medical Issue?," The Western Journal of Medicine, 135:2, August.

McSwain, N. E. and Lummis, M. 1980. "Impact of Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Law," Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics, 151, August.

Mueller, A. 1980. "Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of Motorcycle Helmet Laws," American Journal of Public Health, 70:6, June.

N.Y. State, Department of Motor Vehicles. 1969. An Evaluation of Motor Vehicle Accidents Involving Motorcycles - Severity Characteristics, Effects of Safety Regulation, Research Report No. 1969-12.

1979. A Program to Improve Safety and Injury Protection of Motorcycle, Minibike and MoPed Riders: In Depth Analysis of Motorbike Accidents.

Peltzman, S. 1975. "The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, 83:4.

Russo, P.K. 1978. "Easy Rider - Hard Facts: Motorcycle Helmet Laws," New England Journal of Medicine, 299:19, November 9.

Scott, R. E. 1983. Motorcycle Accidents and Motorcycle Injuries - A Review, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.

Snively, G. G. "Head Injury Protection," in Impact Injury of the Head and Spine, eds., C. L. Ewing, D. J. Thomas, A. Sances, Jr. and S. J. Larson, Springfield: Charles C. Thomas.

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 1980. A Report to Congress on the Effect of Motorcycle Helmet Use Law Repeal--A Case for Helmet Use, April.

Voge, V. M. and Borowsky, M. S. 1983. "Naval Aviation Statistics and Reports of Post-Mishap Head and Spine Injuries," in Impact Injury of the Head and Spine, eds., C. L. Ewing, D. J. Thomas, A. Sances, Jr. and S. J. Larson, Springfield: Charles C. Thomas.

Wilde, G. J. S. 1982. "The Theory of Risk Homeostasis: Implications for Safety and Health," Risk Analysis, 2:4, December.

| Home | Highlights | Study | Bibliography | Footnotes | Appendix A | Appendix B |

© Copyright Jonathan P. Goldstein Ph.D. 1986. All Rights Reserved.

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