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Review of Helmet and Helmet Law Effectiveness Studies

By Jonathan Goldstein
Bowdoin College
Brunswick, ME 04011
December 1988

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. Helmet Effectiveness Studies based on Variants of Correlation Analysis Which Support Motorcycle Helmet Effectiveness
    1. Introduction
    2. Hurt, "Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures" (1981).
    3. McSwain, "Impact of Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Law" (1980).
    4. Dare, "Effect of Motorcycle Safety Helmet Use on Injury Location and Severity: Before-and-After Helmet Law Repeal in Colorado" (1979).
    5. Kraus, "Some Epidemiologic Features of Motorcycle Collision Injuries" (1975).
    6. Heilman, "Motorcycle-Related Trauma and Helmet Usage in North Dakota" (1982).
    7. Luna, "The Role of Helmets in Reducing Head Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents: A Political or Medical Issue?" (1981).
  2. Helmet Effectiveness Studies Based on Variants of Correlation Analysis Which Partially or Fully Contradict the Effectiveness of Helmets
    1. Luna, G. K. et al. (1981).
    2. Hart, "Christchurch Traffic Trauma Survey: Part 2, Victims and Statistics," (1975).
    3. NY State DMV, "An Evaluation of Motor Vehicle Accidents Involving Motorcycles - Severity, Characteristics, Effects of Safety Regulation" (1969).
    4. Mackenzie, "Accident and Fatality Rate Data", unpublished study.
    5. Dare, C. E. et al. (1979).
  3. Helmet Effectiveness Studies Using Regression Analysis
    1. Introduction
    2. Prinzinger, "The Effect of the Repeal of Helmet Use Laws on Motorcycle Fatalities." (1982).
    3. deWolfe, "The Effect of Helmet Law Repeal on Motorcycle Fatalities." (1986).
    4. Graham, "Behavioral Response to Safety Regulation: The Case of Motorcycle Helmet-Wearing Legislation." (1986).
    5. Watson,"The Repeal of Helmet Use Laws and Increased Motorcyclist Mortality in the United States F 1975-1978." (1980).
  4. Other Methodologies Used to Estimate Helmet Effectiveness
    1. Introduction
    2. Evans, "Helmet Effectiveness in Preventing Driver and Passenger Fatalities." (1986).
    3. Bowman, "Simulation Analysis of Head/Neck Impact Response for Helmeted and Unhelmeted Motorcyclists." (1980).
  5. Cost-Benefit Studies of Helmets and Helmet Laws
    1. Introduction
    2. Watson, G. S. et al. (1981) study.
    3. Mueller, "Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of Motorcycle Helmet Laws." (1980).
    4. Hartunian, "The Economics of Safety Deregulation: Lives and Dollars Lost Due to Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Laws." (1983).
    5. Rivara, F. P. et al. (1988) study.
  6. Studies Supporting the Risk Compensation Hypothesis for Motorcycle Helmet Laws
    1. Introduction
    2. Graham, "Behavioral Response to Safety Regulation: the Case of Motorcycle Helmet-Wearing Legislation." (1986).
    3. Adams, "Public Safety Legislation and Risk Compensation Hypothesis: The Example of Motorcycle Helmet Legislation" (1983).
  7. References


| Table of Contents |
| Section 1 | Section 2 | Section 3 | Section 4 |
| Section 5 | Section 6 | References |

© Copyright Jonathan P. Goldstein Ph.D. 1986. All Rights Reserved.

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